Accidental spills of oil products and the release of oil products into water bodies can also lead to deterioration of health and life of the population. Are there effective, affordable, environmentally friendly ways to eliminate oil pollution? What natural materials are the most effective for removing oil and gasoline from water surfaces? The search for answers to these questions became the main reason of our research.
Hypothesis: plant fibrous materials can be used for the sorption of petroleum products when they enter water bodies.
Thus, the hypothesis that it is possible to find available plant materials with the help of which it is possible to collect effectively oil and oil products from the surface of the water has been confirmed.
Nowadays the microplastic pollution is becoming a macroproblem in the world scale but the responsibility is devoted to every country. What is about Belarus? In the results of the project it has been established that natural water ecosystems in our country are polluted by microplastics on the scale that it can be detected. The laboratory researches proved the toxical effect of microplastics on aquatic organisms. This result enriches the fundamental knowledge of the microplastics pollution. The creation of a special filter for collection of domestic microplastics in sinks and washing machines arose as a consequence of a huge research part of a project. The filters invented are easily used in household duties provided that owners have conscious approach.
Aquaculture is one of the most promising industries for low-volume private agriculture in Belarus. But breeding fish in ponds leads to changes in water quality, resulting in eutrophication and subsequent pollution.
To speed up the processes of biological rehabilitation the use of the method of biological rehabilitation due to the algolization of the alga Chlorella vulgaris is possible.
In order to assess the effectiveness of using the algolization method we conducted it with our own strain and estimated a number of water parameters, also productivity of mirror carp.
Thus, we obtained data indicating the high efficiency of algolization of fish ponds which was expressed in improving the water and increasing the carp productivity, thereby achieving an economic effect of algolization.