The final goal of this research is to promote civic participation on resolving the water issue. For this, the research was fragmented into following three steps: 1. civil recognition and promotion to participate on water problems by AqUs, an educational game app, 2. Spreading the sustainable-self development system through GitHub and Facebook promotion, 3. propagating the movement to a global scale.
The importance of soils for the environment and for humans is often underestimated. Soils are an integral component of nutrient and water cycles and ultimately constitute our basis of life. In our project, we have comparatively analyzed the two energy crops corn and cup plant, an agricultural newcomer, with regard to water retention, nitrate filtration capacity, influence on humus formation and potential for reintegration of depleted soils. After numerous laboratory and field trials the cultivation of the cup plant can be recommended especially in the context of climate change and in areas where erosion is prominent and water protection is needed.
Water resources in the world are used in 3 areas: agriculture, industry and households. This project targets household consumption that has been the least studied.
In this project, a model was created that will contribute to increasing the awareness and control on water consumption. In this model; there are smart water meters that create usage data, a mobile application integrated with the internet of things and cloud database that provides a detailed display of this usage and a pressure reducing system which works under the control of this mobile application and supports the household to limit water use. It is thought that if the model is put into widespread use, it will increase awareness and decrease in water use.
The principal objective of this project is to design, develop, and if it’s possible, make an automatic irrigation system that works from renewable energies. For this reason, the necessary energy would be provided by a solar panel. The project is divided into three parts:
The first one consists on developing a study of the land and drawing up a map of the orchard
The second one consists on making all the necessary calculations to carry out the project.
And finally the third one consists on building the irrigation system physically, from the data obtained from the first and the second part.
Having into account the aforementioned objectives, this project aims to design an irrigation system for a vegetable patch and construct it, considering that it collects rainwater and has a submerged pump. To construct this system, which is the final objective of the work, it must be taken into account that the installation budget is affordable.
The practical performance has been divided into the assembly of the irrigation and the installation of the local power plant, which would be the solar panel.
Utilization of pollution-free and renewable energy sources, including tidal energy was in a focus of the study aimed at assessing feasibility of electricity generation from the kinetic energy of the tidal waves and the kinetic energy of the charged particles (seawater ions) moving in the magnetic field. The developed model generator of the system of acting Kislogubskaya tidal power station in Murmansk region with implementation of MHD channel demonstrated economic viability of solution. A full-scale utilization of Kislogubskaya station would help to redistribute electricity surplus for residential heating purposes and increase the level of environmental safety. The environmental benefit of the proposed solution is associated with CO2 emission reductions (727 t/year), which can bring additional income to the regional budget
We are Manuel Martínez, Joan Viñallonga and Marc Pérez, students from the technological field. Our research project is called Remote sensing applied to precision agriculture.
Our goal is to reduce the high water consumption in agriculture with new technologies. A multispectral camera coupled to a drone alongside an analysis of data obtained after multiple flights can help to reduce this consumption.
Besides, we have focused on helping small farmers in our area monitoring and controlling their crops to improve productivity and have a more efficient use of water.
In the long term, we would like to altruistically help farmers around the world since the agricultural sector is where more water is used and also wasted.
The use of chemicals in water treatment, which is a popular practice all over the world, contributes to climate change. For example, chlorine reacts to form tetra-halo-methane which are green house gases and carcinogenic. This project used common plants (Moringa olifera and Jatropha curcas), to treat various contaminated water and with GSM monitoring system we were able to evaluate the effectiveness of the pollution-control measures. With this technique, all the stations will operate in real time, and central station can access data from any of the above stations using GPRS/GSM or 3G cellular services. This work highlights the fact that our solution is in nature and this project if scaled-up, is capable of meeting the safe water needs of communities.
Chocho (Lupinus mutabilis) is a traditional Andean bean that in the last years has gained importance due to its widely appreciated nutritional value. Chochos need to be processed before their consumption because of the presence of alkaloids (chemicals that protect the plant against insect attacks). Chochos are grown by farmers in the Ecuadorian Andes, they are then dried and stored for their commercialization. For consumption, chochos need to be rehydrated, sadly the water is usually discharged. The main issue covered is the unnecessary waste of water which originate from the rehydration of chochos. This project aims to test the possibilities of upcycling the debittering water as an irrigation water for crops.
Tsunami is one of the most dangerous and destructive phenomena of nature on Earth. Effective tsunami protection system so far does not exist. The author of the project offers the original idea of reducing the devastating effects of tsunami on coastal megacities and other important objects. Based on the mathematical modeling of bubble behavior in the zone of excessive pressure of the tsunami wave, calculations and experiments, a principal scheme of the protection system is proposed that can effectively protect the coastal area from the destructive impact of the tsunami. It’s easy to fabricate and install a tsunami protection system – all the necessary materials and technologies already exist.